Rich from centuries of trade, the ancient city of Porto is as much a cosmopolitan centre as it is a place steeped in the historical events of the past.
Best-known today for its striking bridges and the much-celebrated port wine, it was originally called Portucale under the Suedes and became a bishopric under the Goths before being conquered by the Moors in 997 under El Mansur.
This gracious capital of the north is Portugal’s second-largest city and a thriving industrial hub, successfully blending commercial efficiency with an atmosphere of unpretentious charm.
Magnificently situated on the great gorge of the River Douro, which spills into the Atlantic after its scenic 927 km journey from Spain, the ‘granite city’ is best known for its strong, sweet wine, appreciated by connoisseurs all over the world.
Classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in December 1996, the ancient Ribeira riverside district is a warren of narrow, twisting streets and shadowy arches. UNESCO was impressed by its immense patrimonial importance and value, stating that Porto’s ‘historic centre, built along the hillsides overlooking the mouth of the River Douro, forms an exceptional urban landscape with a thousand-year history’.
Porto (indicated on the Google map below) boasts several key attractions, most notably the 12th-century Sé Cathedral, once a Romanesque building, and the magnificent São Francisco Church with its striking gold-encrusted interior.
Located in the heart of the city, the iconic Igreja dos Clérigos (Church of the Clerics) is one of the nation’s most impressive architectural landmarks.
A short walk from there lies the amazing Soares dos Reis Museum, one of the oldest museums in Portugal and a prized collection of art pieces and rare antiquities dating back to prehistoric times.
The Convent of Santa Clara also boasts one of the richest interiors in Portugal; the church and especially the high altar is a golden glory of carved woodwork.
What to do in Porto
Constructed in the 12th century, the little Romanesque church of São Martinho da Cedofeita is the oldest in the city. Some historians date the church from the 6th century, due to a tablet over the door attributing it to Theodomir, king of the Visigoths.
With its hills and striking views, Porto is made for walking with an abundance of interesting sights and routes available for the curious visitor looking to fully appreciate the city’s authentic medieval atmosphere.
Crossing the spectacular two-tiered Dom Luís I bridge brings you to Vila Nova da Gaia, the true home of port wine. Here, visitors can tour the world-famous lodges bearing familiar names like Taylor’s, Grahams, Cockburns and Sandeman. The highlight of the tour is the obligatory wine-tasting session at the end.
Travelling south and within easy reach of the city, visitors to the resort town of Espinho are promised a relaxing beach-side setting with hotels, discotheques and a first-class casino.
To the east of the city, the majestic River Douro has been linked with the city’s fortunes since time immemorial, weaving a path through Portugal’s rugged interior from its source in the mountains north-east of Madrid.
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